The Organizing Committee for the IAAF World Championships Daegu 2011 (LOC) prepared 90 sets of medals (a total of 270 medals). Then all of the medals are for athletes? The answer is “No”.
Eighty-eight sets out of 90 are given to the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF), and 2 set are kept with the LOC for commemoration. IAAF uses only 79 sets out of 88 for the actual medal ceremonies and the rest 9 sets are kept for spares.
Three sets are kept to be prepared for athlete’s disqualification caused by doping and etc, and another 3 sets are for the cases where athletes share medals due to an equal record. The last 3 sets are for the commemoration of the IAAF World Championships Daegu 2011.
The reason why more medals are prepared for the championship is that there are team events such as relay. Among 47 official events, 43 are individual events and the rest 4 are Men’s and Women’s Relay - 4×100m and 4×400m. Four athletes take part in relay but 6 registered for the competition. And medals will be given to all of the 6 athletes. Therefore, 24 sets of medals are needed only for the relay.
Some of the champions from the unofficial events will be awarded with the same sets of medals. These events are Marathon Team Event and Men’s and Women’s Wheelchair.
Five athletes from each country participate in Marathon Team Event and the color of medal is determined by the records of each country’s 3 highest ranked athletes. However, medals are granted to all of the 5 participants. And that is the reason why a total of 10 sets are needed for the marathon team event (5 sets for men and 5 sets for women).
The medal, which is made of red brass, is 10 centimeters in diameter, 6 millimeters in thickness, and 412 grams in weight. Red brass, a kind of brass, is an alloy of copper and a small amount of zinc (less than 20%). Gold medal is made by plating the red brass with 24-carot gold. In case of silver and bronze medals, they have to go through a final process of being covered with unique colors.
The Yin-Yang, the element of the IAAF World Championships Daegu 2011 and Daegu Stadium are engraved on the medals. When ranking is determined, date, event, record, the name of laureate, and Member Federation will be engraved additionally at the back. That’s the moment when the medal becomes the valuable jewel to the winner of Daegu 2011. After finishing engraving, the medals are carried to the podium to be awarded.